Take pictures using autofocus.
Rotate the focus mode selector to S or C (aFocus Mode).
Choose an AF mode (aAutofocus Options (AF Mode)).
Choose the position and size of the focus frame (aFocus-Point Selection).
Use the focus mode selector to choose how the camera focuses.
Choose from the following options:
|Single AF: Focus locks while the shutter button is pressed halfway. Choose for stationary subjects.
|Continuous AF: Focus is continually adjusted to reflect changes in the distance to the subject while the shutter button is pressed halfway. Use for subjects that are in motion.
|Manual: Focus manually using the lens focus ring. Choose for manual control of focus or in situations in which the camera is unable to focus using autofocus (aManual Focus).
Regardless of the option selected, manual focus will be used when the lens is in manual focus mode.
If ON is selected for GAF/MF SETTING > PRE-AF, focus will be adjusted continuously in modes S and C even when the shutter button is not pressed.
The Focus Indicator
Focus status is shown by the focus indicator.
|Subject in focus; focus locked (focus mode S).
|Subject in focus (focus mode C). Focus is automatically adjusted for changes in distance to subject.
|Camera unable to focus.
|Manual focus (focus mode M).
Autofocus Options (AF Mode)
Focus can be adapted to a variety of subjects by changing the combination of settings selected for focus and AF modes.
Press the Fn5 button to display AF mode options.
Choose an AF mode.
AF MODE is assigned to the Fn5 button at shipment. The role of displaying AF MODE options can, however, be assigned to other function buttons using DBUTTON/DIAL SETTING > FUNCTION (Fn) SETTING. The Fn5 button can also be assigned other roles.
AF mode can also be selected using G AF/MF SETTING > AF MODE.
How the camera focuses depends on the focus mode.
Focus Mode S (AF-S)
Option Description Sample image r
Camera focuses on subject in selected focus point. Use for pin-point focus on selected subject. y
Camera focuses on subject in selected focus zone. Focus zones include multiple focus points, making it easier to focus on subjects in motion. z
Camera focuses automatically on high-contrast subjects; display shows areas in focus. j
Rotate the rear command dial in the focus-point selection display (aSelecting a Focus Point, The Focus-Point Display) to cycle through AF modes in the following order: rSINGLE POINT, yZONE, and zWIDE.
Focus Mode C (AF-C)
Option Description Sample image r
Focus tracks subject at selected focus point. Use for subjects moving toward or away from camera. y
Camera tracks focus in selected focus zone. Use for subjects that are moving fairly predictably. z
Focus tracks subjects moving through wide area of frame. j
Rotate the rear command dial in the focus-point selection display (aSelecting a Focus Point, The Focus-Point Display) to cycle through AF modes in the following order: rSINGLE POINT, yZONE, and zTRACKING.
Choose a focus point for autofocus.
Viewing the Focus-Point Display
Press MENU/OK and go to the shooting menu.
Select GAF/MF SETTING > FOCUS AREA to view the focus-point display.
Use the focus stick (focus lever) and rear command dial to choose a focus area.
The focus point can also be selected using touch controls (Shooting Touch Controls).
Selecting a Focus Point
Use the focus stick (focus lever) to choose the focus point and the rear command dial to choose the size of the focus frame. The procedure varies with the option selected for AF mode.
|Select focus point
|Select center focus point
|Rear command dial
|Choose from 6 frame sizes
|Restore original size
|Choose from 3 frame sizes
Manual focus-point selection is not available when z WIDE/TRACKING is selected in focus mode S.
The Focus-Point Display
The focus-point display varies with the option selected for AF mode.
Focus frames are shown by small squares (⃞), focus zones by the large squares.
Although the camera boasts a high-precision autofocus system, it may be unable to focus on the subjects listed below.
- Very shiny subjects such as mirrors or car bodies.
- Subjects photographed through a window or other reflective object.
- Dark subjects and subjects that absorb rather than reflect light, such as hair or fur.
- Insubstantial subjects, such as smoke or flame.
- Subjects that show little contrast with the background.
- Subjects positioned in front of or behind a high-contrast object that is also in the focus frame (for example, a subject photographed against a backdrop of highly contrasting elements).
To zoom in on the current focus area for precise focus, press the center of the rear command dial. Use the focus stick (focus lever) to choose another focus area. Press the center of the rear command dial again to cancel zoom.
In focus mode S, zoom can be adjusted by rotating the rear command dial.
The focus stick can be used to select the focus area while zoom is in effect.
In focus mode S, select rSINGLE POINT for AF MODE.
Focus zoom is not available in focus mode C or when GAF/MF SETTING > PRE-AF is on.
Use DBUTTON/DIAL SETTING > FUNCTION (Fn) SETTING to change the function performed by the center of the rear command dial. You can also assign its default function to other controls (aFunction Controls).