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P, S, A, and M modes give you varying degrees of control over shutter speed and aperture.

Mode P: Program AE

Let the camera choose shutter speed and aperture for optimal exposure. Other values that produce the same exposure can be selected with program shift.

Shutter speed: Select A (auto).

Aperture: Select A (auto).

Set shutter speed and aperture to A (auto) and confirm that P appears in the display.

If the subject is outside the metering range of the camera, the shutter speed and aperture displays will show “– – –”.

To use the shutter speed dial, press the dial lock release and rotate the dial to the desired setting.

Program Shift

If desired, you can rotate the rear command dial to select other combinations of shutter speed and aperture without altering exposure (program shift).

Shutter speed

Aperture

Program shift is not available during movie recording or if the flash supports TTL auto or an auto option is selected for IMAGE QUALITY SETTING > DYNAMIC RANGE.

To cancel program shift, turn the camera off.

Mode S: Shutter-Priority AE

Choose a shutter speed and let the camera adjust aperture for optimal exposure.

Shutter speed: Choose a speed.

Aperture: Select A (auto).

Set aperture to A (auto) and use the shutter speed dial to choose a shutter speed. S will appear in the display.

If the correct exposure can not be achieved at the selected shutter speed, aperture will be displayed in red. If the subject is outside the metering range of the camera, the aperture display will show “– – –”.

To use the shutter speed dial, press the dial lock release and rotate the dial to the desired setting (the dial can be used even while the shutter button is pressed halfway). Shutter speed can also be adjusted in increments of 1/3 EV by rotating the rear command dial.

Time (T)

Rotate the shutter speed dial to T (time) to choose slow shutter speeds for long time-exposures. Use of a tripod is recommended to prevent the camera moving during the exposure.

  1. Rotate the shutter speed dial to T.

  2. Rotate the rear command dial to choose a shutter speed.

  3. Press the shutter button all the way down to take a picture at the selected shutter speed. A count-down timer will be displayed while the exposure is in progress.

To reduce “noise” (mottling) in long time-exposures, select ON for IMAGE QUALITY SETTING > LONG EXPOSURE NR. Note that this may increase the time needed to record images after shooting.

Bulb (B)

Select a shutter speed of B (bulb) for long time-exposures in which you open and close the shutter manually. Use of a tripod is recommended to prevent the camera moving during the exposure.

  1. Rotate the shutter speed dial to B.

  2. Press the shutter button all the way down. The shutter will remain open for up to 60 minutes while the shutter button is pressed; the display shows the time elapsed since the exposure started.

Selecting an aperture of A fixes shutter speed at 30 s.

To reduce “noise” (mottling) in long time-exposures, select ON for IMAGE QUALITY SETTING > LONG EXPOSURE NR. Note that this may increase the time needed to record images after shooting.

Using a Remote Release

An optional RR-90 remote release can be used for long time-exposures. The RR‑90 connects via the Micro USB (Micro-B) USB 2.0 connector.

Alternatively, electronic releases from third-party suppliers can be connected via the remote release connector (φ2.5 mm 3-pole mini jack).

Mode A: Aperture-Priority AE

Choose an aperture and let the camera adjust shutter speed for optimal exposure.

Shutter speed: Select A (auto).

Aperture: Choose an aperture.

Rotate the shutter speed dial to A (auto), and rotate the lens aperture ring to adjust aperture as desired. A will appear in the display.

If the correct exposure can not be achieved at the selected aperture, shutter speed will be displayed in red. If the subject is outside the metering range of the camera, the shutter speed display will show “– – –”.

To use the shutter speed dial, press the dial lock release and rotate the dial to the desired setting.

Aperture can be adjusted even while the shutter button is pressed halfway.

Previewing Depth of Field

When PREVIEW DEPTH OF FIELD is assigned to a function button, pressing the button displays a icon and stops aperture down to the selected setting, allowing depth of field to be previewed in the display.

Depth of field can also be previewed using the depth-of-field indicator in the standard display. Press DISP/BACK to cycle through display modes until standard indicators are displayed. In autofocus mode, the depth-of-field indicator is displayed when the shutter button is pressed halfway.

Depth of field

Use the AF/MF SETTING > DEPTH-OF-FIELD SCALE option to choose how depth of field is displayed. Choose FILM FORMAT BASIS to help you make practical assessments of depth of field for pictures that will be viewed as prints and the like, PIXEL BASIS to help you assess depth of field for pictures that will be viewed at high resolutions on computers or other electronic displays.

Mode M: Manual Exposure

Alter exposure from that selected by the camera.

Shutter speed: Choose a speed.

Aperture: Choose an aperture.

Set shutter speed to a value other than A, and rotate the lens aperture ring to choose the aperture. M will appear in the display

To use the shutter speed dial, press the dial lock release and rotate the dial to the desired setting. Shutter speed can be adjusted in increments of 1/3 EV by rotating the rear command dial.

Exposure Preview

To preview exposure in the LCD monitor, select an option other than OFF for SCREEN SETTING > PREVIEW EXP./WB IN MANUAL MODE. Select OFF when using the flash or on other occasions on which exposure may change when the picture is taken.